The bark of linden trees is packed with fiber. In the Neolithic Era, these fibers were used for clothing, and then above all for cords. Everything in this tree, including the bark, is tender or delicate: the wood, the fragrance of the flowers, the leaves and the shape of the tree.
Linden is present practically all over the world up to an altitude of 700 m. Linden trees can reach 1000 years old and are impressive due to their attractive shape. In single cases the trunks have reached diameters of several meters.
Linden heartwood is not differentiated and has a light color, with greenish areas every now and then. It has a slight sericea sheen, but it is not very decorative and quite uniform. The small, numerous pores are spread evenly throughout the rings, and are undefinable to the naked eye.
The tender wood of a Linden tree has a density of 520 kg/m3, belonging to the category of medium heavy wood types. Due to its fine, uniform structure it is easy to work with using all kinds of tools. It can be painted and lacquered well, and it may stain upon contact with metals. Seasoning does not present any issues. Linden wood is very susceptible to fungi and insects (durability class 5), and its impregnability is good.
Linden is the most important species used in sculptures and engraving. In the Middle Ages it was known as “lignum sacrum” (sacred wood) because it was the material of preference used in sacred artworks. It is also used for toys, prosthesis, frames, domestic utensils and wooden shoes.